In August 2004, the Argentinian and Brazilian WIPO delegations presented a Proposal for the Establishment of a Development Agenda for WIPO on behalf of a group of developing countries. The proposal aimed at emphasizing the development dimension of intellectual property (IP) and adjusting IP protection to the needs of developing countries. Developing countries in WIPO welcomed the initiative, but it was quickly rejected by the USA before turning into the subject of negotiations in Geneva which took three years to conclude.
Throughout the negotiation process, a large number of international public interest NGOs supported the development agenda with public statements, interventions and expertise.
In June 2007, the representatives of 93 member states and 40 observers of WIPO, agreed on 45 recommendations for a development agenda which was later adopted by WIPO's General Assembly in September the same year.
Today, the Committee on Development and Intellectual Property (CDIP) is mandated with the implementation of the 45 adopted recommendations.